No one even ventured to guess who President Lyndon Baines Johnson wanted to replace Thurgood Marshall should U.S. Senate’s Judiciary Committee quash Marshall’s confirmation to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Come on, guys!
LBJ had tapped William T. Coleman, Jr. a black Republican from Pennsylvania. President Johnson thought Coleman might do better before the Judiciary Committee. Many of the committee’s members were conservative southern Democrats. Coleman was a Republican.
Sen. James O. Eastland of Mississippi was committee chair. His father, Woods Eastland, was involved in a barbaric 1904 lynching of a black man and black woman. The mob cut off both of the victims’ fingers and ears.
Woods Eastland was arrested and tried. A jury of all white men, however, acquitted him in few minutes.
Coleman served as Secretary of Transportation from March 7, 1975 to January 20, 1977. He was the fourth person to hold the office.
Next week’s question comes in two parts.
What year did Britain’s parliament pass the Slavery Abolition Act?
Why were slave owners happy with law’s passage?
- The British government compensated them for their lost property
- Slaveholders wanted to do the work themselves
- Slavery was morally reprehensible to them